Introduction to Iceland

Borgarfjörður Excursion - Saga and Nature

West Iceland has long been a favorite for its diverse nature, rich fauna and living history and culture. Easily reachable from Reykjavík via a 6 km tunnel under Hvalfjörður (“Whale fjord”), West Iceland is a showcase of lava formations, geothermal activity and history. Highlights of this trip include Borgarnes, Reykholt, Hraun- and Barnafossar waterfalls, Hallmundarhraun and Deildartunguhver, the largest hot spring in the Northern Hemisphere. The trip will conclude with a tour of Hvalfjörður “Whale Fjord”, one of the deepest and longest fjords in Iceland.

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The Icelandic educational system is divided into four levels:

  • Pre-school level: up to 6 years of age
  • Compulsory school: primary and lower secondary school in a single structure, 6-16 years of age
  • Upper secondary school: 16-20 years of age
  • Higher educational: age 19/20 and older

Education in Iceland has traditionally been organised within the public sector, and there are very few private institutions in the school system. Almost all private schools receive public funding.

The Icelandic Parliament is legally and politically responsible for the educational system. It determines its basic objectives and administrative framework. All education comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, with the exception of a few specialised schools.

The Icelandic higher educational system dates back to the foundation of University of Iceland in 1911. The University of Iceland remains the principal institution of higher learning in Iceland, but over the last three decades, new institutions of higher education have emerged, and there are currently seven institutions of higher education operating in Iceland.